India is fast developing into a centre for medical treatment thanks to the rapid expansion hospitals in the major cities of the country. These medical facilities rank among the best in the world. So much so, the people from foreign nations seek India to get their medical treatment.
Low price in India
The reason for this is the low price of bone marrow transplant in India. Combined with the good infrastructure for treatment and recovery, India becomes a great place for people seeking treatment. The transplant operation may cost Rs 10 lakhs but is small compared to the US price of $360,000 – $800,000.
Way to collect the stem cells
You can use one of the two ways to collect the stem cells. In the first system, they administer general anaesthesia to the donor. This is the bone marrow harvest where they take the marrow from the hip region. If the person who needs the bone marrow is heavy, then the amount of bone marrow collected is more.
In the second process, the donor receives shots that move the stem cells from the bone cavity into the blood stream. This is the leukapheresis method. Once the stem cells move into the blood stream, they remove the stem cells along with the blood through an IV line. They filter the stem cells and the blood is given back to the donor.
Ways to make the transplant
You can do the bone marrow transplant in three ways. For the given situation, the physician will choose one of the methods.
Autologous transplant: The first is the autologous bone marrow transplant. In this, before they do the chemotherapy, they remove your bone marrow. They give this bone marrow back once the chemotherapy is done. The bone marrow will start to reproduce new blood cells. For this reason, this is called a rescue transplant.
Umbilical cord transplant: The next is the umbilical cord blood transplant. This is a kind of allogenic transplant since the stem cells come from someone else. When a baby is born, they remove the stem cells from its umbilical cord. These stem cells will then come in useful when someone needs a bone marrow transplant. Since the stem cells are immature because they come from the umbilical cord, they will a match for almost all the people.
Allogenic transplant: The third type of transplant is the allogenic bone marrow transplant.Here, they use the stem cells from a different person. The only criterion is that the stem cells must match those of the patient. Having at least a partial match will help and so they take the stem cells from a brother or sister. For advanced cases without any sibling, they consult the national bone marrow registers to check for a good match. In this manner, you can use the bone marrow of a person you don’t even know.
To get the total cost of bone marrow transplant in India and the other expenses for medical treatment, you can go to the hospital website. You will get all the details there.